Ricordo, quando ero studente di liceo, una professoressa che mi fece odiare la letteratura italiana ed un enorme e costoso libro, chiamato Il materiale e l'immaginario in DIECI volumi (ne comprai usati il primo e il terzo, che ho rivenduto non appena finite le superiori) che sembravano scritti proprio per questo scopo. Ho dovuto riscoprire Dante da me all'età di ventitre anni, quando ho iniziato a leggere l'Inferno su "suggerimento" di Borges (ma complice è stata anche la parodia disneyana di Guido Martina!): ho comprato una versione tascabile senza note e l'ho trovato bellissimo. In tre settimane ne sapevo a memoria i principali canti; tuttora mi ripeto, di tanto in tanto, il terzo, quinto, ventiseiesimo, ventisettesimo ed altri dell'Inferno.
Here I collect some links: of course there are myriads of sites devoted to Dante but, alas, also many companies which borrowed his name, and which have nothing to do with the Poet; as a result, often search engines give a lot of unuseful links.
Variaciones Borges as they say: Variaciones Borges is a journal of philosophy, semiotics and literature, published twice a year in Spanish, English and French by The Jorge Luis Borges Center for Studies & Documentation, University of Aarhus, Denmark. Reaching beyond pure exegeses of Borges' writings, the journal aims to explore the special style of thinking, writing and reading in which Borges excelled. Fantastic ontologies, synchronic genealogies, utopian grammars, fictional geographies, multiple universal histories, logical bestiaries, ornithological syllogisms, narrative ethics, imaginary mathematics, theological thrillers, nostalgic geometries and invented remembrances converge to justify the epithet "borgesian" for a special area of academic research, in which philosophy appears as perplexity, thought as conjecture, and poetry as the deepest form of rationality. These creative displacements of relevance can be called "transverse epistemologies"...
Fundación San Telmo: Colleccion J.L.B. Estas son la paginas que la Fundación San Telmo (que toma el nombre de el barrio en que se ubica) dedica a Borges: aqui hay material que pertenece a la Colección Borges; entre otras informaciones, aqui se puede adquirir una interesante (y muy borgiana) enciclopedia de los terminos y conceptos que recurren en la obra de Borges; tambien hay fotografías y una bibliografía ilustrada.
Campana was a great Italian poet of the first half of XX century: nobody told me about him at the high school, I had to discover him by myself, and realize that he was greater than any other Italian poet of his age, especially than those who were taught at high school.
I met him when I was thirteen, and he teached me the delight to read tales and novels: in turn I have been attracted from his books since I knew the comic adapting of his tales (comics and fairy tales are essentially the only thing I've read till I've been ten years old).
Robert Ervin Howard United Press Association is an excellent site on Howard with many criticism, as they say: The purpose of this website is to provide a forum for REHupa members to present their work to the public, as well as to serve as a source of reliable information about the life and writings of Robert E. Howard. We hope that this website will serve as a resource for anyone interested in this uniquely gifted writer, Robert E. Howard, and hope it will be of interest to both the Howard enthusiast and scholar.
I haven't read Moby Dick until I was thirty: but when I did I have been astonished by the content and prose of this chief-work, which is an epic poem of our times, just like Odyssey or Aeneid were in the past. I have read it only on seasides and cities on the sea (in Sicily and Latium) and to intertwine those pages with the song of waves and sea-gulls was marvelous.
Papini is probably the Italian author with the worst ratio fame/talent: he was a scholar, a poet, a writer, a philosopher, an active character in the cultural scene from 1900 to 1915, now almost forgotten. After the Great War of '14-'18 he became catholic and, when fascism gained power and Italy went under its regime, Papini gave his support to the regime, being one of the great intellectuals (like Gentile and Severi) seduced by Mussolini and by his gang: qui potete leggere una sua sintetica biografia. Maybe for this reasons he was forgotten by Italian post-war culture. However his great talent as a writer and a scholar cannot be shadowed by his political choices.
I've found only a few links on Papini, mainly on his futuristic period (just a few months!), so I leave in this pages some of his writings: since they are difficult to be retrieved (they are out of print since several decades) and they were written one century ago, it would be a nice idea to put his best writings on the net. Here I leave a fragment of this hypothetical collection.
Great authors are always the best critics and translators: it is well known that Baudelaire wrote essays on Poe and translated him; Pessoa too did translations in Portuguese (some of them are here on my pages).
Qué Quevedo Quieres is a good starting point: they say about themselves: Esta página quiere convertirse en la ventana Quevedo al mundo de la comunicación en Internet. Aquí hallará informaciones acerca de Francisco de Quevedo en todos sus aspectos, desde bibliografía reciente hasta materiales relacionados con el escritor, avances de próximas publicaciones, información sobre congresos o reuniones y la posibilidad de ampliar contactos con otros quevedistas e investigadores sobre el Siglo de Oro.
Mr. William Shakespeare and the Internet as they says: This site attempts two things: 1) To be a complete annotated guide to the scholarly Shakespeare resources available on Internet. The navigation menu at left appears on each major page. Use it to access the resources indexed here. The "Other" Sites page is a definite exception to the term "scholarly." Our newest feature is a listing of Shakespeare Festivals. 2) To present new Shakespeare material unavailable elsewhere on the Internet, such as a Shakespeare Timeline, which gives the key events of Shakespeare's life and work along with related documentary evidence. There are several supporting pages to the timeline; a Shakespeare genealogy. A chart showing the relevant family relationships and dates; a Shakespeare Timeline Summary Chart, showing the events of Shakespeare's life in outline along with important contemporary events and publications; the Shakespeare Canon.
Richard III and Yorkist History Server which contains: King Richard III, last of the medieval English kings; The Wars of the Roses, a dynastic struggle in the later middle ages that pitted Yorkist against Lancastrian; Fifteenth-century England and its culture; The reputation of Richard III in history, literature, and drama, especially Shakespeare.
Here it follows a list of authors (poets, writers,...) I have a predilection for: for each one I list some titles, not meaning the main titles of that author, but the ones I have read and liked so to suggest it to the reader. Needless to say this is a partial list (not all writers I like and read are included), multilingual (I cite titles according to the tongue in which I have read them, since this have influence on judgment) and maybe subject to changes; whenever possible I have included some links on the net.
Now the question is: why a reading list? I think they are essential: indeed it's certainly true that everyone of us has his/her peculiar net of books, authors, tales, &c. (and not necessarily if we have two or more authors in common also the rest are!) however a statistical role may be played by these lists: for example I have discovered many authors by others author's "suggestions"; thus I believe that who reads a lot should compile a list of the books he/she likes (and also, maybe above all, a list of the books he/she dislikes): for instance, if someone puts in his/her list of favorite books a book I hate, I will be prevent to read other books he/she likes.
Schopenhauer said that the true art is that of not-reading more than that of reading books: thus it's important to know how to avoid titles that would only make lost our time in reading them, because we find them boring, stupid, irritating or worse.
For example Manganelli wrote in a paper that there's no need to read a book to know if we will like it: I cite from his article Il padrino [The Godfather] from the collection Lunario dell'orfano sannita [Samnite orphan's almanac]
Un lettore di professione è in primo luogo chi sa quali libri non leggere; è colui che sa dire, come scrisse una volta mirabilmente Scheiwiller "non l'ho letto e non mi piace". Il vero, estremo lettore di professione potrebbe essere un tale che non legge quasi nulla, al limite un semianalfabeta che compita a fatica i nomi delle strade, e solo con luce favorevole.
[A professional reader is first of all one who knows which books are not to be read; he knows how to say, as once Scheiwiller admirably wrote, "I didn't read it and I don't like it". The true, extreme professional reader could be such a guy who reads almost nothing, nearly an analphabetic who has to put a lot of effort in spelling the names of the streets, and with flood-lighting only.]
I don't believe everyone has Manganelli's dowsing-rod, thus I think that lists like mine can be useful: I hope to be imitated. However some remarks on the arranging of this list are in order, just to avoid misunderstandings and useless perplexities.
I do not trust in the existence of literary genres, at most I could believe in the existence of authors (which sometimes induces in wrong); thus in this page I propose links to sites dealing with authors I like to (re)read (both poets and prose writers).
As it will be noticed by the following list, I am not interested in the classifications made by criticizers in "learned", "pulp", "classical" authors and who knows what else: I am not interested in the moral of a writer nor in his/her political ideas: I can love a writer who, from an ethical and political viewpoint, thinks exactly the contrary of what I think, and I can believe an author whose ideas I share to be a mediocre scribbler.
As Oscar Wilde wrote in the preface of his The Picture of Dorian Gray:
There is no such thing as a moral or an immoral book. Books are well written, or badly written. That is all.
So it does not exist realistic literature, historical literature, fantastic literature, but only good literature and bad literature (according to our personal tastes): in other words, literature (and more generally art) has nothing to do with moral; of course a novel or a tale may be pervaded with a moral or political inspiration which I find hateful, but this will influence only the surface, the matter we touch with reason in a literary work, and not the mystery of its beauty, which we sound with other mental organs.
Some of My Favorite Literary Works Ordered by Authors
I cite books published by authors, or also single tales or poems not contained in a particular book but, for instance, published for the first time on a magazine (in this case I warn); if I have not read the work in its original tongue then I also put the original title [enclosed between brackets]; also I try to classify cited works in tales, poems and so on, if they are not contained in a single book.
For some authors I put a link to a list of other interesting links: often between these links you'll find a link to the complete cited text, somewhere on the Net.
Divina Commedia -
Jules-Amédée BARBEY d'AUREVILLY:
La stregata [L'ensorcelée] -
Il cavaliere des Touches [Le chevalier des Touches]
Songs of Innocence -
The Marriage of Heaven and Hell
Jorge Luis BORGES:
El aleph -
Otras inquisicciones -
El libro de arena -
El informe de Brodie -
Elogio de la sombra -
Prólogos, con un prólogo de prólogos -
Nueve ensayos dantescos -
Historia de la eternidad -
Raymond Douglas BRADBURY:
Cronache marziane [The Martian Chronicles] -
October Country -
Il gioco dei pianeti [The illustrated man] -
Il Maestro e Margherita [Master i Margarita]
Pedro CALDERÓN DE LA BARCA
La vida es sueño
Le città invisibili -
una notte d'inverno un viaggiatore -
Robert W. CHAMBERS:
Il re in giallo [The King in Yellow]
Samuel Taylor COLERIDGE:
The rhyme of the ancient mariner (poem) -
Kubla Khan (poem) -
Philip K. DICK:
La svastica sul sole [The man in the high castle] -
Ubik [Ubik] -
Le tre stimmate di Palmer Eldricht [The three stigmatas of Palmer Eldricht] -
Cacciatore di androidi [Do androids dream of electric sheeps?]
Notte, lucente notte [Nacht, mehr denn lichte Nacht!]
Robert Anson HEINLEIN:
Universo [Orphan of the sky] -
Straniero in terra straniera [Stranger in a strange land]
Ernst Theodor Amadeus HOFFMANN:
Gli elisir del Diavolo [Die elixiere des Teufel] -
La principessa Brambilla [Prinzessin Brambilla] -
Le miniere di Falun [Die Bergwerke zu Falun] (tale) -
L'uomo della sabbia [Der Sandmann] (tale)
Robert Ervin HOWARD:
La torre dell'elefante [The tower of the elephant] (tale) -
Intrusi a palazzo [Rogues in the house] (tale) -
I vermi della terra [Worms of the earth] (tale) -
Ombre al chiar di luna [Moonlight shadows] (tale) -
The slitering shadow (tale) -
Lo stagno dei neri [The pool of the black ones] (tale) -
Red nails (tale) -
La pietra nera [The black stone] (tale)
I tamburi della pioggia -
Il ponte a tre archi
Il processo [Der Prozess] -
Il castello [Das Schloss] -
America [Amerika] -
Nella colonia penale [In der Strafkolonie] (tale) -
La metamorfosi [Die Verwlandung] (tale)
Il dialogo dei massimi sistemi -
Il mar delle blatte -
Canti di Maldoror [Les Chants de Maldoror]
Operette morali -
Zibaldone di pensieri
Matthew Gregory LEWIS:
Howard Phillips LOVECRAFT:
Il colore venuto dallo spazio [The colour out of space] (tale) -
L'orrore di Dunwich [The Dunwich horror] (tale) -
Il modello di Pickman [Pickman's model] (tale) -
Herbert West, rianimatore [H.W. reanimator] (tale) -
La cosa sulla soglia [The thing on the doorstep] (tale) -
Joachim Maria MACHADO de ASSIS:
Memorie dell'al di là [Memorias posthumas de Braz Cubas]
I tre impostori [The Three Impostors] -
Il Gran Dio Pan [The Great God Pan]
Lunario dell'orfano sannita
Un uomo finito -
Strane storie -
24 cervelli (essays) -
L'esperienza futurista (essays)
Pier Paolo PASOLINI:
Poesia in forma di rosa -
Trasumanar e organizzar
Edgar Allan POE:
Tales of grotesque and arabesque -
Gordon Pym -
The Raven and other poems -
Tamerlane and other poems
I fiori blu [Les fleurs bleu] -
Pétit cosmogonie portative -
Exercises de style
Francisco de QUEVEDO:
El buscón -
Sogni [Sueños] -
Thomas de QUINCEY:
Confessioni di un inglese mangiatore d'oppio [Confessions of an English Opium Eater]
Tutti i nomi [Todos os nomes] -
L'anno della morte di Ricardo Reis [O ano da morte de Ricardo Reis] -
Memoriale del convento [Memorial do convento] -
Storia dell'assedio di Lisbona [História do cerco de Lisboa]
Macbeth (play) -
The Tempest (play) -
Hamlet (play) -
Richard III (play) -
Frankenstein, or, The Modern Prometheus
Percy Bysshe SHELLEY:
Time (poem) -
The triumph of Life (poem)
Clifford Donald SIMAK:
Anni senza fine [City] -
Oltre l'invisibile [Time and again] -
Why call them back from Heaven? -
La bambola del destino [Destiny doll]
Clark Ashton SMITH:
L'impero dei negromanti [The empire of necromances] (tale) -
Il dio dei morti [The Charnel God] (tale) -
L'ultimo geroclifico [The last Hieroglyph] (tale) -
I negromanti di Naat [Necromancy in Naat] (tale)
Robert Louis STEVENSON:
The strange case of Dr.Jekyll and Mr.Hyde -
Il diavolo nella bottiglia [The Devil in the Bottle]
Herbert George WELLS:
The Time Machine -
La guerra dei mondi [War of the worlds] -
L'uomo invisibile [The invisible man] -
The Country of the Blind (tale) -
L'uovo di cristallo [The Crystal Egg] (tale) -
The new accelerator (tale)
Il ritratto di Dorian Gray [The picture of Dorian Gray] -
The ballad of Reading Gaol (poem) -
The Sphynx (poem) -
L'importanza di essere Ernesto [The importance of Being Earnest]
WU-MING's official websitea contains the works of different people which write under a collective pseudonym (formerly Luther Blisset, now Wu Ming) and fight for a copyright (and scheme) free literature: they produced some great works, like Q and 1954.
The Nobel prizes is the site of the Nobel foundation with informations about the winners, and texts from their Nobel lectures.
HUMANUM is a site oriented toward human studies and maintained by Humanities Computing and Methodology Programme of Research Institute for the Humanities (RIH), at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. As they say: Our task is twofold: namely, 1) meta-indexing humanities resources worldwide, and 2) develop texts, tools and pages covering various interests in the humanistic scholarship.
The Stoa: A Consortium for Electronic Publication in the Humanities whose goals are to foster a new style of refereed scholarly publications in the humanities not only of interest to specialists but also - and just as importantly - accessible by design and choice of medium to wide public audiences, to develop and refine new models for scholarly collaboration via the Internet, to help insure the long-term interoperability and archival availability of electronic materials, to support resolutions to copyright and other issues as they arise in the course of scholarly electronic publication.
There are quite a many sites with text on line, of course most of them are classic of literature, philosophy and so on, but even libraries in their entirety translated in electronic format: the following is a choice of the ones I consult more often. For texts about philosophy, computer science, mathematics look at the specific sections in this site.
Literature and essays (also scientific, philosophical, etc.)
Electronic Text Center (University of Virginia). As they say: The Center combines an on-line archive of tens of thousands of SGML and XML-encoded electronic texts and images with a library service that offers hardware and software suitable for the creation and analysis of text. Through ongoing training sessions and support of teaching and research projects, the Center is building a erse user community locally, serving thousands of users globally, and providing a model for similar humanities computing enterprises at other institutions.